[E-pub] ☯ Scapegoats of the Empire: The True Story of Breaker Morant's Bushveldt Carbineers ☽ Gamegeek-denter.de

Although it is easy to simpethise with witten and his friends and blame the army, it should not be forgotten that they were guilty England did use them as scapegoats for her dirty cause, that is true, but this does not justify their deeds The punishment was correct, although the motivation was crooked Although the blame game is played here, juctise was served.in a crooked way Witten and the likes is no hero in my book They plainlynreceived what they had dealt to others, unfair treatment, wich makes it fair in the end. Despite its flat narrative style, this book is a compelling read I noted its title in the credits of the film Breaker Morant Suppressed in the interest of imperial relations by the Australian government after its initial publication in 1907, whether by accident or intent, Witton s story was still known to the 100 s of thousands of Australians who petitioned Parliament and the King for his release from a British prison following the execution of his fellow officers in the Bushveldt Carbineers Renewed interest after the award winning 1980 film led to further discoveries that Witton and the others were indeed scapegoated by the highest levels of British command, up to and including Kitchener The contemporary parallels are chilling. [E-pub] ☦ Scapegoats of the Empire: The True Story of Breaker Morant's Bushveldt Carbineers ☧ High Quality Reprint Of Witton S Scathing Political Indictment Of The British Empire, Originally Published In The Story Was Made Into A Movie In , Breaker Morant, Starring Edward Woodward, Lewis Fitz Gerald, And Jack Thompson Pp Printed On Cream Acid Free Paper Illustrated With Half Tone Photographs First Clock Rose Trade Edition In Paperback, Preceded By A Limited Edition Of ,, Individually Numbered, And First Trade Edition In Hardcover The Clock Rose Press Edition Is Published And Printed In The USA Earlier this month a royal pardon on behalf of Breaker Morant was refused This edition of the book came out in 1907 and was immediately mostly destroyed by the government So were the next edition or two printed that year In all probably only a few copies of this book exist In Australia in 2008 a copy of the first edition sold for approximately 5000 You can read the book online at Gutenberg Even better see the movie There are facsimiles. Primary source history, the author tells his story It actually shows little bias Rising from a re suit to an officer thrown into a situation where the realities of war had out run the traditions Within became a cautionary tale we learned in ROTC in the 1980 s The book is a window into the dawn of modern insurgencies from a company officer s perspective. The innocents that got killed exoneratedThere are many books about the Boer English war I did not read a single one that satisfy me that the English started it with just cause or fought in a just and fair way Neither have I found English journalism impartial Now I read this book and found the English were simply arrogant beyond believe at the time May be that is a reason why they prefer to blot out this event from their social combined conscious The book fills a gap if you are interested at history of 1999 to 2005 a nice quick read about a travesty of justice and how malleable the rules of war can be. This book is somewhat dry, but that is one of its strengths Witton, who had every right to feel abused by the system, presents a clear and precise description of the courts martial of Morant, Handcock, and himself, one which adheres quite well to the writer s dictum show,don t tell By describing the scene as it existed in South Africa at that time, and all the cultural artifacts visible in the media, Witton shows us just how illogical it was to find the three guilty of war crimes The phrase like giving out traffic citations at the Indianapolis 500, frequently springs to mind Only 60% of the book, though, is devoted to the courts martial and their results The other forty percent is a scathing indictment again, shown of the British penal system circa 1902 For that, and the copies of official documents of the era alone, this book is a rewarding read. Scapegoats of the Empire is the true story of the murder trial of three Australian army officers during Britain s Boer War, a court martial made famous to modern movie goers by the film Breaker Morant Its author, George Witton, was one of those officers and the only one to avoid a firing squad.Witton was a young enlisted artilleryman in the Australian Army when he volunteered for active service in the southern African war There are many similarities between the Boer War at the turn of the 20th century and the Iraq War a hundred years later Both began as conventional wars with set piece battles, then eroded into guerrilla warfare In 1901, Witton secured a commission with the Bushveldt Carbineers, an irregular counterinsurgency regiment set up to fight the Boer guerrilla units called commandos on their own level.Shortly before Witton joined his detachment of the Carbineers, its commander, Capt Hunt, was killed and his body apparently abused by the Boers Lt Harry Breaker Morant, an expert horseman as well as a published poet, took over command Bereaved over the death and mutilation of his senior officer and close friend, Morant decided to follow Hunt s earlier orders to execute prisoners, including some who took part in Hunt s death Hunt had previously told his men that Lord Kitchener, the commanding British general, had issued orders not to take Boer prisoners According to Morant s own testimony, the Carbineers had avoided following those orders until after Hunt s death.Witton never knew Hunt, and barely knew Morant and Lt Peter Handcock when the summary executions of prisoners they were charged with took place Witton sets forth his version of the facts in plain, unelaborated writing He shows with quotes from pre trial and court martial testimony that Capt Hunt had repeatedly ordered his men to shoot prisoners, saying the order came from as far up as Kitchener Many other incidents involving the shooting of prisoners on both sides had occurred at this stage of the war, and no British soldier was ever tried for let alone convicted of murder Kitchener s testimony was never admitted into evidence, and the general was conveniently out of the country when the three men s verdicts were handed down so their fates could not be appealed directly to him Morant and Handcock were sentenced to death by firing squad Witton s death sentence was commuted to life in prison He was released and returned to Australia three years later.While reading this book, it occurred to me Kitchener may very well have lead some junior officers to believe he wanted prisoners summarily shot without actually meaning to give such an order It wouldn t be the only time in warfare when a senior officer s blustering lead to war crimes During WWII s Sicilian Campaign, there were several incidents of American soldiers shooting German and Italian prisoners, and even civilians When questioned, they all said they believed the order to shoot prisoners came from Gen George Patton during one of his many firebrand speeches as seen at the beginning of the movie, Patton Patton quickly ordered a cease and desist order, but never took responsibility for the meaning of his own words.Ironically, at the same time the British were fighting the Boer War the United States was involved in its first empire building, counter insurgency conflict in the Philippines Many of the same crimes that Witton and his comrades were accused of also occurred during the so called Philippine Insurgency In Australia, it was and still is widely believed that Witton, Morant, and Handcock were indeed scapegoats for the British Empire At the time of their courts martial, Germany was considering entering the war on the side of the Dutch Boers because of alleged British atrocities, which included the first use of concentration camps Convicting the three Australians mitigated the only substantial excuse the Germans had to side with the commandos No British officer was ever tried for shooting Boer prisoners, though such executions were known to have occurred As late as 2013, petitions were made to have all three men posthumously pardoned None have succeeded so far. This is a fairly short read and it definitely helps to understand the situation if you watch Breaker Morant first What surprised me the most was how the movie, while taking certain liberties, does a fine job of capturing what is in the book although the movie does not go into any detail of Mr Winton s time in prison after the trial Because of the time the book was written, some readers may be offended by the language Mr Winton uses But overall, it is a unique glimpse into a moment in history and it is worth reading